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Oxford University Press, USA

Being and Reason: An Essay on Spinoza's Metaphysics

Being and Reason: An Essay on Spinoza's Metaphysics

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In Being and Reason, Martin Lin offers a new interpretation of Spinoza's core metaphysical doctrines with attention to how and why, in Spinoza, metaphysical notions are entangled with cognitive, logical, and epistemic ones. For example, according to Spinoza, a substance is that which can be
conceived through itself and a mode is that which is conceived through another. Thus, metaphysical notions, substance and mode, are defined through a notion that is either cognitive or logical, being conceived through. What are we to make of the intimate connections that Spinoza sees between
metaphysical, cognitive, logical, and epistemic notions? Or between being and reason? Lin argues against idealist readings according to which the metaphysical is reducible to or grounded in something epistemic, logical, or psychological. He maintains that Spinoza sees the order of being and the
order of reason as two independent structures that mirror one another. In the course of making this argument, he develops new interpretations of Spinoza's notions of attribute and mode, and of Spinoza's claim that all things strive for self-preservation. Lin also argues against prominent idealist
readings of Spinoza according to which the Principle of Sufficient Reason is absolutely unrestricted for Spinoza and is the key to his system. He contends, rather, that Spinoza's metaphysical rationalism is a diverse phenomenon and that the Principle of Sufficient Reason is limited to claims about
existence and nonexistence which are applied only once by Spinoza to the case of the necessary existence of God.

Author: Martin Lin
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Published: 08/06/2019
Pages: 224
Binding Type: Hardcover
Weight: 1.05lbs
Size: 9.30h x 6.20w x 0.70d
ISBN: 9780198834151

About the Author

Martin Lin, Associate Professor, Rutgers University

Martin Lin is a professor of philosophy at Rutgers University in New Brunswick. His research concerns metaphysics and philosophy of mind in the early modern period.

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