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University of Georgia Press

Homicide Justified: The Legality of Killing Slaves in the United States and the Atlantic World

Homicide Justified: The Legality of Killing Slaves in the United States and the Atlantic World

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This comparative study looks at the laws concerning the murder of slaves by their masters and at how these laws were implemented. Andrew T. Fede cites a wide range of cases--across time, place, and circumstance--to illuminate legal, judicial, and other complexities surrounding this regrettably common occurrence. These laws had evolved to limit in different ways the masters' rights to severely punish and even kill their slaves while protecting valuable enslaved people, understood as "property," from wanton destruction by hirers, overseers, and poor whites who did not own slaves.

To explore the conflicts of masters' rights with state and colonial laws, Fede shows how slave homicide law evolved and was enforced not only in the United States but also in ancient Roman, Visigoth, Spanish, Portuguese, French, and British jurisdictions. His comparative approach reveals how legal reforms regarding slave homicide in antebellum times, like past reforms dictated by emperors and kings, were the products of changing perceptions of the interests of the public; of the individual slave owners; and of the slave owners' families, heirs, and creditors.

Although some slave murders came to be regarded as capital offenses, the laws con-sistently reinforced the second-class status of slaves. This influence, Fede concludes, flowed over into the application of law to free African Americans and would even make itself felt in the legal attitudes that underlay the Jim Crow era.

Author: Andrew T. Fede
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
Published: 07/01/2017
Pages: 362
Binding Type: Hardcover
Weight: 1.54lbs
Size: 9.00h x 6.00w x 0.94d
ISBN: 9780820351124

About the Author
ANDREW T. FEDE is a law partner of Archer & Greiner, P.C., based in New Jersey, and, since 1986, has been an adjunct professor of law at Montclair State University. He is the author of Roadblocks to Freedom: Slavery and Manumission in the United States South and People without Rights: An Interpretation of the Fundamentals of the Law of Slavery in the U.S. South.

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