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Indiana University Press

Tropical Cowboys: Westerns, Violence, and Masculinity in Kinshasa

Tropical Cowboys: Westerns, Violence, and Masculinity in Kinshasa

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During the 1950s and 60s in the Congo city of Kinshasa, there emerged young urban male gangs known as Bills or Yankees. Modeling themselves on the images of the iconic American cowboy from Hollywood film, the Bills sought to negotiate lives lived under oppressive economic, social, and political conditions. They developed their own style, subculture, and slang and as Ch. Didier Gondola shows, engaged in a quest for manhood through bodybuilding, marijuana, violent sexual behavior, and other transgressive acts. Gondola argues that this street culture became a backdrop for Congo-Zaire's emergence as an independent nation and continues to exert powerful influence on the country's urban youth culture today.



Author: Ch Didier Gondola
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Published: 04/10/2016
Pages: 296
Binding Type: Paperback
Weight: 0.80lbs
Size: 8.90h x 6.10w x 0.70d
ISBN: 9780253020772

About the Author

Ch. Didier Gondola is Chair of the History Department and Professor of African History at Indiana University-Purdue University, Indianapolis. He is editor (with Peter J. Bloom and Charles Tshimanga) of Frenchness and the African Diaspora: Identity and Uprising in Contemporary France (IUP).


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